Ambiguities of Domination: Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria
Published by University of Chicago Press, 1999.
251 pages | 9 halftones, 19 line drawings
In Syria, the image of President Hafiz al-Asad is everywhere. In newspapers, on television, and during orchestrated spectacles Asad is praised as the "father," the "gallant knight," even the country's "premier pharmacist." Yet most Syrians, including those who create the official rhetoric, do not believe its claims. Why would a regime spend scarce resources on a cult whose content is patently spurious?
Wedeen concludes that Asad's cult acts as a disciplinary device, generating a politics of public dissimulation in which citizens act as if they revered their leader. By inundating daily life with tired symbolism, the regime exercises a subtle, yet effective form of power. The cult works to enforce obedience, induce complicity, isolate Syrians from one another, and set guidelines for public speech and behavior. Wedeen's ethnographic research demonstrates how Syrians recognize the disciplinary aspects of the cult and seek to undermine them. Provocative and original, Ambiguities of Domination is a significant contribution to comparative politics, political theory, and cultural studies.
Off The Wall
By Zeina Maasri
Foreword by Fawwaz Traboulsi
204 pages (including 64 colored)
Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East
By Christiane Gruber and Sune Haugbolle (editors)
376 pages, 22 color illus., 79 b&w illus.
Image Politics in the Middle East
By Lina Khatib
By Pascal Zoghbi and Stone aka Don Karl (eds.)
200 full color pages